Henry Ibsen’s A Doll’s House: A Modern Tragedy
Henrik Ibsen's plays can be viewed as a galaxy of various characters being trapped in societal realism. His characters may be classified into at two categories: unconventional and conventional .The unconventional heroines are based on powerful women personalities consisting of strong-willed, independent, intelligent and full of vitality. With their strong personalities, they are usually doomed to be trapped in a male – centered society where they are deprived of the basic right as human beings in its full sense. Ibsen has insightfully described a range of rebellious characters and unveiled the spiritual pilgrimage they have gone through in their persistent pursuit of emancipation, freedom and in their bitter struggle to regain their identity as human beings. It was Ibsen who gave woman a vigorous voice by creating a powerful woman character, Nora in A Doll’s House with a view to breaking conventional custom and conservatism. He wanted to focus on how women were viewed to the male gaze of his contemporary age. According to many critics, A Doll's House is a manifesto of universal feminism. To achieve her power and freedom, Nora becomes homeless, voluntarily leaving her husband, children, and family. Through this character, Ibsen has created the female situation of the society in those times. Ibsen's female creation also symbolizes a big difference between patriarchy and matriarchy of the 20th century and 21st century feminism as well.