SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH <p><strong>SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH</strong> is a peer-reviewed (refereed) and open access journal<strong>.</strong> IJELLH is indexed with <strong> <a href=";hl=en&amp;authuser=1" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-saferedirecturl=";source=gmail&amp;ust=1576664770299000&amp;usg=AFQjCNEpmvLz85rDq7nHLXm3B9JKSvTL1w">Google Scholar</a></strong> and <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-saferedirecturl=";source=gmail&amp;ust=1576664770299000&amp;usg=AFQjCNEUekxyd4bJz8pEsTwPT1wuvkAmHg">Academia</a>. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH has been granted new Online ISSN: 2582-3574 and Print ISSN: 2582-4406. The journal is published by SMART MOVES publications, Bhopal, India.</p> <p>The previously granted ISSN 2321-7065 was for the International Journal of English Language, Literature in Humanities (IJELLH), which was valid from June 2013 until November 2019. From November 2019 onwards, the new title of the journal will be SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH. IJELLH provides researchers with an online platform to publish their research work.</p> <p><strong>Aims and Scope for publication</strong></p> <p>The primary objective of IJELLH is to offer an online open-access platform for international researchers. IJELLH publishes articles on a broad spectrum of English Language, English Literature and Linguistics. The journal further covers various aspects of the research field and most of these are mentioned hereafter:</p> <p><strong> English Language</strong> – Grammar, Punctuation, Accent, Comparative Study, ELS (English as a second or foreign language), English language teachers training, Language teaching methodologies<strong> </strong>and other related topics.</p> <p><strong> English Literature</strong> – Fiction from Chaucerian Age to Post Colonial Age, Canadian Literature, Indian Literature &amp; many other topics related to Literature till date and related subject areas.</p> <p><strong> Linguistics</strong> – Linguistics is the scientific study of language. There are three aspects to this study: language form, language meaning and language in context. IJOHMN published following subject areas like Applied Linguistics, Language Acquisition, Language Documentation, Linguistic Theories, Philosophy of Language, Phonetics, Sociolinguistics, Text and Corpus Linguistics, Translating and Interpreting, Writing Systems and related subject areas.</p> <p><strong>PKP PN</strong></p> <p>IJELLH is preserving OUR PUBLISHED MANUSCRIPTS with <a href="">PKP PN</a> ensuring that their content will be secure and available into the future. PKP PN functions as a “dark archive”. PKP has developed the PKP Preservation Network (PKP PN) to digitally preserve OJS journals. The<a href=""> LOCKSS</a> program offers decentralized and distributed preservation, seamless perpetual access, and preservation of the authentic original version of the content.</p> <p> </p> Smart Moves en-US SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH 2582-4406 <p></p> An Analysis of English Language Orthography, Typography and Grammar used by Millennial on Social Media Platforms <p>Social media is a term with which most of the people around the world are well acquainted. The advancement of technology has provided a new medium through which we can propose, deliver, swap, and share our ideas without moving a single inch. It is a new avenue for conveying information and a trend which is now-a-days in vogue. From infants to adults, everyone is somehow in contact with the social media. Similarly, education system too has a profound influence of social media. From placement institutes, school authority, teachers, learners, to parents in fact every stakeholder of education system is somehow tied to social media. Jeff Bezos, CEO at once described the power of social media by asserting that “If you make customers unhappy in the physical world, they might each tell 6 friends. If you make customers unhappy on the Internet, they can each tell 6,000 friends” (Pencak 2019). Thus, we can assume the potency and status of social media in our life. Though social media is affecting many significant areas of human life, but the area which itself is considered as a ‘systematic means of communication’ (that is ‘Language’) is too being swayed by this virtual medium. Social media has exceedingly affected English language skills. The paper explores how the social media has influenced linguistics habits of millennial, whether it has affected upcoming academicians in a positive or negative way, and what should be done in order to protect their linguistic habits from the negative influence of social media.</p> Alia Khan Prof. Mohammad Rizwan Khan Copyright (c) 2021 Alia Khan, Prof. Mohammad Rizwan Khan 2021-02-27 2021-02-27 9 2 1 35 10.24113/ijellh.v9i2.10903 A Breezy Call of Envied Kiss In Thomas Gray’s Country Churchyard <p>A&nbsp; great poem that&nbsp; touches&nbsp; the&nbsp; core&nbsp; heart&nbsp; of&nbsp; the&nbsp; readers&nbsp; executing&nbsp; the&nbsp; rustic&nbsp; forefathers’&nbsp; lives&nbsp; and&nbsp; emotions&nbsp; is&nbsp; nothing&nbsp; but&nbsp; Gray’s&nbsp; Country&nbsp; Churchyard&nbsp; which&nbsp; uplands&nbsp; the lawn&nbsp; with&nbsp; kindred&nbsp; spirit.&nbsp; Gray&nbsp; harnesses&nbsp; the&nbsp; poem&nbsp; with&nbsp; the&nbsp; breezy&nbsp; calls&nbsp; that&nbsp; enviously kiss&nbsp; us&nbsp; in&nbsp; the&nbsp; destiny&nbsp; of&nbsp; ‘’homely&nbsp; joys’’.&nbsp; The&nbsp; humble&nbsp; buried&nbsp; beds&nbsp; are&nbsp; not&nbsp; only&nbsp; twittering&nbsp; ears&nbsp; of&nbsp; Gray&nbsp; but&nbsp; also&nbsp; they&nbsp; are&nbsp; the&nbsp; signification&nbsp; of&nbsp; clarion&nbsp; call&nbsp; that&nbsp; figure&nbsp; out&nbsp; solemn&nbsp; background&nbsp; of&nbsp; the&nbsp; rude&nbsp; forefathers&nbsp; who&nbsp; unlike&nbsp; the&nbsp; citizen&nbsp; of&nbsp; city&nbsp; swelled&nbsp; their&nbsp; ‘’paths&nbsp; of&nbsp; glory’’&nbsp; against&nbsp; the&nbsp; ‘’inevitable&nbsp; hour’’.&nbsp; As&nbsp; an&nbsp; advocate&nbsp; of&nbsp; the&nbsp; down-trodden,&nbsp; Gray&nbsp; tries&nbsp; to&nbsp; persuade&nbsp; that&nbsp; the&nbsp; rich&nbsp; should&nbsp; not&nbsp; look&nbsp; down&nbsp; upon&nbsp; the&nbsp; poor.&nbsp; The&nbsp; poor&nbsp; are&nbsp; also&nbsp; respectable&nbsp; being&nbsp; though&nbsp; they&nbsp; do&nbsp; not&nbsp; get&nbsp; an&nbsp; opportunity&nbsp; to&nbsp; elevate&nbsp; their&nbsp; lives&nbsp; as&nbsp; do&nbsp; the&nbsp; rich.&nbsp; Furthermore,&nbsp; though&nbsp; they&nbsp; were&nbsp; not&nbsp; able&nbsp; to&nbsp; cremate&nbsp; their&nbsp; dead&nbsp; bodies&nbsp; in&nbsp; the&nbsp; boundary&nbsp; of&nbsp; the&nbsp; churchyard,&nbsp; it&nbsp; was&nbsp; not&nbsp; their&nbsp; faults.&nbsp; Despite&nbsp; the&nbsp; wealthy&nbsp; and&nbsp; the&nbsp; proud&nbsp; people&nbsp; though&nbsp; get&nbsp; place&nbsp; to&nbsp; be&nbsp; cremated&nbsp; in&nbsp; the&nbsp; churchyards&nbsp; singing&nbsp; the&nbsp; hymns&nbsp; in&nbsp; honor&nbsp; of&nbsp; dead,&nbsp; they&nbsp; suffer&nbsp; huge&nbsp; setbacks&nbsp; in&nbsp; this&nbsp; worldly&nbsp; affairs.&nbsp; Because&nbsp; time&nbsp; is&nbsp; the&nbsp; grand&nbsp; mower&nbsp; whose&nbsp; sickle&nbsp; never&nbsp; leaves&nbsp; anybody&nbsp; whether&nbsp; rich&nbsp; or&nbsp; poor&nbsp; but&nbsp; mows&nbsp; down&nbsp; all &nbsp;forever.</p> Nandeswar Deori Copyright (c) 2021 Nandeswar Deori 2021-02-27 2021-02-27 9 2 36 43 10.24113/ijellh.v9i2.10904 Assessing Kambui Hills North Forest Reserve Community’s Participation in Forest Reserve Management and Sustainability in Kenema District, Eastern Sierra Leone <p><strong>This paper explores Kambui Hills North Forest Reserve (KHNFR) community’s participation in forest management and sustainability in Kenema District as a case study. Crucial issues examined were the forest reserve management strategies used by forest communities, participation of stakeholders in forest sustainability and livelihood activities of forest communities in the KHNFR. For sampling technique, six (6) forest communities were randomly sampled. From the sampled communities, forty two (42) respondents were sampled from the study communities. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from the field and focus group discussion guide. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data. Findings revealed that there was a Core Forest Management Plan operated by the communities and stakeholders but the District Forest Office (DFO) does not follow its prescriptions strictly. It also indicated that the involvement of forest communities in the management of KHNFR was very small and low income generating livelihood activities. It was therefore recommended that forest communities in the KHNFR should be provided with alternative livelihood sources so as to empower them play the role of co-managers of the forest reserve.</strong></p> Joseph Christian Adamu Mboma Copyright (c) 2021 Joseph Christian Adamu Mboma 2021-02-27 2021-02-27 9 2 44 51 10.24113/ijellh.v9i2.10906 A Psychoanalysis of Female Characters in the Novels Heat and Dust and Inside the Haveli : Function of Mother Archetype in the Characters of the Narrator and Geeta <p>The psychoanalysts enhance our understanding of our consciousness, the self and self-identity. Psychoanalytic theory plays an important role in the comprehension of the fundamental condition of selfhood. The self is not an unified entity in psychoanalytical terms. Human subject emerges as an outcrop of the unconscious desire. After Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, a swiss psychologist is considered as an eminent contributor to psychoanalysis who theorized the concept of collective unconscious. The purpose of my study is to find out the presence of the collective unconscious and to analyse two female characters, The Narrator , from the novel Heat and Dust and Geeta from Inside the Haveli with the help of Jung's theory of&nbsp; collective unconscious and mother archetype. In this research paper several theoretical concepts of&nbsp; Carl Jung are used to analyse the female characters. Jung’s theories are applied during the analysis process such as personal conscious, collective conscious and archetypes. I would use qualitative method for the analysis of the characters of the Narrator and&nbsp; Geeta. I would use important dialogues and incidents for the data collection for the analysis of the characters. The psychoanalytic study of the Narrator and Geeta shows that they both have collective unconscious. I would study the function of mother archetype in the life of the Narrator and Geeta</p> Deepali Jaiswal Copyright (c) 2021 Deepali Jaiswal 2021-02-27 2021-02-27 9 2 72 81 10.24113/ijellh.v9i2.10907 History in the Attic: Search for Roots in Ramabai Espinet’s The Swinging Bridge <p>In most of diaspora literature there is an attempt to retrieve the past. This makes one measure time in many ways, different calendars, change of seasons, past encounters narrated through wars, defeats, encounters and disasters. It is remembered through family history, ancestral heritage, nostalgia, memory and even through national disasters. This interaction portrays the immigrants caught in flight of memories, relationships and images. The relocation has its disgust for one thing or the other. The author has to live in the reminiscences, a collective memory representing a symbolic relationship between past and present. <em>The Swinging Bridge</em> &nbsp;by Ramabai Espinet chronicles the multiple exiles that are part of the Indian experience in the Caribbean and Canada through two figures one from the past- great grandmother Gainder and the other from the present - Mona, the protagonist. The novel commemorates the maternal roots and routes of Indo-Caribbean history by establishing the subjectivity of widows and young girls from India who crossed the Kala Pani (Black waters of the Atlantic) in search of new beginnings in Trinidad and the great-grand-daughter who engages in an existential quest for selfhood in Canada. Grief motivates a flood of personal memories as Mona begins to remember intimate details of family life that had been repressed under the cover of migration. Bits and pieces of the past, fragments scattered in various places, childhood memories, overheard conversations, prayer songs, all come together in the attic. She explores the secret songs, photographs and letters giving her a powerful voice for her culture, her family, her fellow women and for herself. Mona’s drive to document history enables her to reveal the family’s carefully guarded secrets- domestic violence, drunken rampages, sexual abuse, illegitimate children, and even AIDS. This paper seeks to analyse the novel’s diasporic contents and find out whether this attempt at retrieval of the past brings about a change in the perception of today’s generation. The author brings to light the problems of a plural society calling for need for relationships and need for mutual respect- all to avoid conflict situations through this effective tracing of history in the novel.</p> S. Asha Copyright (c) 2021 S. Asha 2021-02-27 2021-02-27 9 2 82 96